Kazeshimasou, Shiba Inu Ireland, high quality healthy FCI Shiba Inu
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Gen & Belle, high quality healthy Shiba Inu, Ireland

FCI-Standard N° 257/ 16. 06. 1999 / EN

SHIBA

Origin

Japan

Date of publication of the official valid standard

30.10.2016

Utilization

Hunting dog for birds and small animals. Companion dog.

Classification F.C.I.

Group 5 Spitz and primitive type. Section 5 Asian Spitz and related breeds. Without working trial.

Brief historical summary
The Shiba has been a native breed to Japan since the primitive ages. The word Shiba originally refers to something "small", a "small dog". The Shiba’s habitat was in the mountainous area facing the Sea of Japan and was used as a hunting dog for small animals and birds. There were slight differences in the breeds according to the areas where they were raised. As dogs like English Setters and English Pointers were imported from England during the period of 1868-1912, hunting became a sport in Japan and crossbreeding of the Shiba with those English dogs became prevalent and a pure Shiba became rare so that by 1912-1926 pure Shibas confined to these areas became exceedingly scarce. Hunters and other educated persons became concerned with the preservation of the pure Shibas from around 1928 and the preservation of the limited number of pure strains began seriously, and the breed standard was finally unified in 1934. In 1937 the Shiba was designated as a "natural monument", after which the breed was bred and improved to become the breed known today.

General appearance
Small-sized dog, well balanced, well boned with well developed muscles. Constitution strong. Action quick, free and beautiful.

Important proportion
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 : 11.

Behaviour/Temperament
The temperament is faithful, with keenness in sense and high alertness.

Head

Cranial Region
Skull: Forehead broad.
Stop: Well defined with slight furrow.

Facial Region
Nose: Black. Nasal bridge straight.
Muzzle: Moderately thick.
Lips: Tight.
Jaws/Teeth: Teeth strong with scissor bite.
Cheeks: Well developed.
Eyes: Triangular, not too small, and dark brown in colour. The outer corners of the eyes are slightly upturned.
Ears: Relatively small, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly pricked.

Neck

Thick, strong, and well balanced with the head and the body.

Body

Back: Straight and strong.
Loins: Broad and muscular.
Chest: Deep, ribs moderately sprung.
Belly: Slightly tucked up.

Tail

Set on high, thick, carried vigorously curled or curved as a sickle, the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.

Limbs

Forequarters
General appearance: Seen from the front, forelegs straight.
Shoulders: Shoulder blade moderately sloping.
Upper arm: Forming a moderate angle with shoulder blade.
Elbow: Tight.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Slightly olique.
Feet: Digits tightly closed and well arched. Pads thick and elastic. Nails hard and dark in colour desirable.

Hindquarters
Upper thigh: Well developed.
Lower thigh: Well developed.
Hocks: Thick and tough.
Feet: Digits tightly closed and well arched. Pads thick and elastic. Nails hard and dark in colour desirable.

Gait/Movement

Light and brisk.

Coat

Hair
Outer coat harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense; hair on tail slightly long and standing off.

Colour
Red, black and tan, sesame, black sesame, red sesame.
Definition of the colour sesame:
Sesame: Good mixture of black, red and white hairs in whole.
Black sesame: More black than white hairs.
Red sesame: Ground colour of hair red, mixture with black hairs.

All the above mentioned colours must have Urajiro.

Urajiro: Whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle and on the cheeks, on the underside of the jaw and neck, on the chest and stomach and the underside of the tail, and on the inside of the legs.

Size and Weight

Height at withers
Males 39.5 cm. Bitches 36.5 cm. There is a tolerance of 1.5 cm smaller or taller.

Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Lack of sexual dimorphism.
  • Slightly overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Numerous teeth missing.
  • Shyness.
  • Pinto colour.

Eliminating faults

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Extremely overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Ears not pricked.
  • Hanging or short tail.

N.B.:

  • Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed-typical conformation, should be used for breeding.

Note: This page has been updated to reflect the latest changes to the FCI Shiba standard published in February 2017.

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